What's in Your Face Lotion?

Use this info and be picky!

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You should be getting a whole lot more than moisture from your cream. The latest formulas tackle specialized skin issues with just a few pumps.

First, Look for Any of These Mega-Hydrators

To create a moisturizing layer for your skin, you want dimethicone (a lab-made, skin-smoothing silicone), hyaluronic acid, and/or glycerin (these two pull water to your skin's surface). Some beauty brands also cook up synthetic versions of fats called ceramides to replace the natural ones in your skin, which get depleted over time.

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Next, Deal With Your Skin's Issues

Fight sun spots and wrinkles with vitamin C (sometimes listed as ascorbic acid or retinyl ascorbate), an antioxidant that may help repair UV damage and boost skin-firming collagen.

If acne is your problem, try an oil-free moisturizer with benzoyl peroxide, which kills zit-causing bacteria.

Have rosacea? Look for a product with niacinamide, which may calmredness and strengthen the skin barrier.

Finally, Make Sure Yours Has an SPF of at Least 30

Because UVA and UVB rays hammer your skin all year round, look for broad-spectrum protection to shield you, even if it's cloudy. Chemicals such as avobenzone absorb the sun's rays, stopping them from penetrating skin, while physical mineral blockers (like titanium dioxide and zinc oxide) reflect them away. Got acne or rosacea? Go fora mineral-based option; it has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties.

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And Don't Forget to Test It Out

Active ingredients like those above can sometimes irritate skin. So before slathering ona lotion, do a patch test on your inner forearm; the skin there is thin and similar to your face. If you don't experience any redness or itching after 24 hours, give it a try!

The Difference Between Face and Body Moisturizers

They share the same basic components but in different proportions. Face products typically have less oil, since the skin there produces more oil naturally and a pile-on may lead to breakouts.

This story originally appeared in the April 2016 issue of Dr. Oz The Good Life.

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